Curling may be a sport, played on ice, where two teams take it in turns to slip stones made from granite towards a target referred to as a House. it's an Olympic and Paralympic winter sport with medal disciplines for Womens, Mens, Mixed Doubles, and mixed Wheelchair teams.

Traditional curling teams are made from four players while the mixed doubles variation of the game consists of teams of two players, one female and one male. In women, men, and wheelchair curling, teams also can have a fifth player referred to as the Alternate a substitute. Each team designates a Skip team captain and Vice-Skip.

The role of the skip is to direct play for the team and that they are found standing within the house at the scoring end of the sheet. The vice-skip takes over the skip's duties for the team when the skip is delivering their stones.

In team curling, each player delivers two stones, in consecutive order, in each End a round while alternating with an opponent. Each team uses a group of eight stones all with an equivalent handle color red or yellow at World Curling events.

The playing positions are commonly referred to as Lead, Second, Third, and Fourth. The lead is that the player who delivers the primary two stones. The second plays the third and fourth stones. The third players the fifth and sixth stones and therefore the fourth players the last two stones. Skips usually play fourth, but that's not essential.


In mixed doubles, both teams play five stones each. they start every end with one stone, per team, pre-placed, therefore, it's possible to attain six points in an end. One player plays the primary and fifth stones while the opposite player plays stones two, three, and 4.
The field of play  curling ice

Curling is played on a long strip of specially prepared ice called a Sheet.

A sheet of curling ice is over 45 meters long and a maximum of 5 meters wide. At each end of the sheet, two circles appear as if target, referred to as houses. Each house consists of 4 rings which help define which curling stones are closest to the center, commonly referred to as the Button.

Scoring and therefore the basics of the sport

A team scores one point for every one of its stones located in or touching the house that is closer to the center than any stone of the other team. just one team can score in an end. If no team's stones are touching the house after an end, no points are scored. this is often called a blank end.

The teams take it in turns to deliver their stones from the Hack at one end of the sheet to the house at the other end. Players must release the stone before the Hog Line for the stone to be considered live. Stones that don't pass the hog line at the scoring end of the sheet are faraway from play. When an end is complete, the subsequent end is played within the other way.

After all, stones are delivered to the scoring end of the sheet, the players themselves calculate the score.

Curling is played over ten ends, however, in some formats and competitions, this might be reduced to eight ends. Teams can concede their game before the defined number of ends consistent with the principles of the competition. The teams with the foremost points at this stage wins the sport.
Last Stone Draw

Before a game of curling begins, teams decide who will have what's called the Hammer or Last Stone Advantage. In championship curling, this is often decided by a draw to the button with two players from each team delivering a stone as close as possible to the center of the house one stone is delivered clockwise and therefore, the other counter-clockwise and the distance from the stone to the center is measured. This process is named the Last Stone Draw or LSD.

If a team has the last stone advantage, it means they will deliver the ultimate stone of an end and have a plus to attain a minimum of one point and potentially win that end. When a team scores, they lose the last stone advantage, and therefore the hammer passes to the opposing team for the subsequent end.

Teams generally attempt to score quite one point in an end and can, therefore, sometimes blank an end, ensuring that no stones are lying within the house after the last stone is played. this suggests they get to stay the hammer for the subsequent end. However, in mixed doubles, a blank end also causes the hammer to be passed to the opposing team.
Power Play

In mixed doubles, teams have the proper to use an influence play once in every game. To utilize the facility play, it must be called at the start of an end, by the team who have the choice on the location of the positioned stones.

Game timing

An average game of championship curling lasts up to 3 hours. Teams are given a group amount of Thinking Time counting on the discipline and number of ends being played. In traditional ten-end games, each team receives 38 minutes of thinking time. this is often reduced to a half-hour for eight-end games. Wheelchair curling teams receive 38 minutes of thinking time for an eight-end game, while mixed doubles teams receive 22 minutes.

To play curling, a group of stones is needed. they're made from a special sort of granite and weigh almost 20 kilos each.

Each curler has their brush and a pair of special curling shoes with one sole that grips the ice and one slippery sole called a Slider to be ready to slide with a stone during delivery. A gripper may be a removable rubber sole to guard the slider, keep it clean and permit the curler to be stable on the ice.

There are three sorts of curling shots a Guard, a Draw and a Take-out, but there are many variations of those shots.

Guards are thrown to the front of the house, to the Free Guard Zone the space between the hog line and therefore the house to guard stones within the house.
Draws are shots that are delivered to succeed in the house and establish a scoring position.
Take-outs are shots that remove stones from play.

When in motion a stone will curl across the sheet of ice. When delivering a stone, players will turn the stone clockwise or counterclockwise. By applying a rotation, and making the stone curl on the pebbled ice, players have more control over where the stone involves rest.

The idea of sweeping is to softly warm the surface of the ice where the stone will glide across. to try to do this, you've got to comb the ice with a downward force.

Sweeping can extend the trail of the stone. Good sweeping can allow the stone to travel two or three meters further. Sweeping also can reduce the curl and make the trajectory of the stone straighter.

Often, you'll hear players shouting Hurry! Hard!. due to the length of the sheet of curling ice, curlers often shout to speak with teammates. However, some teams don't shout and use a series of hand signals that are developed for the sport instead.
Wheelchair curling

Wheelchair curling is for people who are unable to steer or can only walk short distances. This includes players with significant impairments in lower leg/gait function, like spinal injury, spastic paralysis, MS, or leg amputation, who use a wheelchair for mobility.

Wheelchair curling may be a mixed team discipline meaning each team must be comprised of female and male players. Delivery of the stones could also be aided by the utilization of delivery sticks and there's no sweeping.

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